When the recession of the gingiva occurs, the body loses a natural defense against both bacterial penetration and trauma. When gum recession is a problem, gum reconstruction using grafting techniques is an option.
When there is only a minor recession, some healthy gingiva often remains and protects the tooth, so that no treatment other than modifying home care practices is necessary. However, when recession reaches the mucosa, the first line of defense against bacterial penetration is lost.
In addition, gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold foods as well as an unsightly appearance to the gum and tooth. Gum recession, when significant, can predispose to worsening recession and expose the root surface, which is softer than enamel, leading to root caries, root gouging, and ultimately tooth loss.
A gingival graft is designed to solve these problems. We use a tissue called “Alloderm” to provide a stable band of attached gingiva around the tooth. This method eliminates the need for harvesting tissue from the roof of the mouth, the major source of discomfort with the “old” harvest technique. In addition, this new procedure is far more comfortable with better, more esthetic results. The gingival graft may be placed in such a way as to cover the exposed portion of the root.
The gingival graft procedure is highly predictable and results in a stable healthy band of attached tissue around the tooth and a completely natural look.